What are some of the conflicts that Winston Smith faces in Orwell's 1984? What is the lesson learned from all of what Winston went through?

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One of the points Orwell continually makes in 1984 is that existence in Oceania is a continuous conflict or series of conflicts unless one accepts a life of abject slavery—and sometimes even then.

Winston’s private revolt against the Party involves a double conflict: external and internal. He has to hide all his thoughts as a matter of course, dodging out of the way of the holovision and attempting to maintain a neutral expression which will not lead anyone to question his orthodoxy. This conflicts with his private hatred of Big Brother and the Party. Even internally, however, he is regularly conflicted. His initial hatred of Julia conflicts with his desire for her. His eventual antagonism against O’Brien is in perpetual conflict with his admiration for what he admits is a superior intellect.

Winston’s attempts to uncover the past are also in direct conflict with his job at the Ministry of Truth, which often involves erasing or altering the past. He spends his leisure time fighting...

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