In 1984, what are some of the characteristics of the proles that, in Winston's eyes, make them the ultimate means for overthrowing Big Brother?

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Winston's understanding of the proles is partly a romanticized one, if this is possible in a post-apocalyptic world. "If there is hope, it lies in the proles," he tells himself. In them, he sees a huge potential strength untapped; the proles are asleep, seemingly unaware that they can overthrow the Party if they put their minds to it.

Winston imagines they have this potential because of their numbers (they are said to make up seventy percent of Oceania's population), but more because they are unaffected by Party doctrine. But this is by design; the Party explicitly regards them as inhuman. The enormous irony of this is that the Party is supposed to be socialistic: its governing philosophy, INGSOC, stands for English Socialism. The entire stated purpose of socialism is to liberate the working class and create an egalitarian society. Far from having done this, the leaders have created an arrangement that is almost a parody of the class stratification of the old capitalist world, described in

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