What are some of the literary devices used in Chapter 4 of Erich Maria Remarque's novel All Quiet on the Western Front?

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In his novel All Quiet on the Western Front, Erich Maria Remarque uses a wide variety of literary devices and figures of speech.  Consider, for example, the following paragraph, chosen at random:

The earth bursts before us. It rains clods. I feel a smack. My sleeve is torn away by a splinter. I shut my fist. No pain. Still that does not reassure me: wounds don't hurt till afterwards. I feel the arm all over. It is grazed but sound. Now a crack on the skull, I begin to lose consciousness. Like lightning the thought comes to me: Don't faint! I sink down in the black broth and immediately come up to the top again. A splinter slashes into my helmet, but has already travelled so far that it does not go through. I wipe the mud out of my eyes. A hole is torn up in front of me. Shells hardly ever land in the same hole twice, I'll get into it. With one lunge, I shoot as flat as a fish over the ground; there it whistles again, quickly I crouch together, claw for cover, feel something on the...

(The entire section contains 555 words.)

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