What were some of Caesar's reforms?

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When Julius Caesar began reshaping Rome's constitutional framework, he had three goals: suppress the resistance occurring in the provinces, unite the republic into a single unit, and establish a strong central government. Provincial conflicts ended when Caesar defeated Pompey. However, to achieve the other two goals, he needed to increase...

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When Julius Caesar began reshaping Rome's constitutional framework, he had three goals: suppress the resistance occurring in the provinces, unite the republic into a single unit, and establish a strong central government. Provincial conflicts ended when Caesar defeated Pompey. However, to achieve the other two goals, he needed to increase his own power.

Caesar was the first Roman leader to be declared dictator for life. Throughout his reign, he assumed several magistrate positions, which also greatened his influence. One such position was the Prefect of Morals, which gave him censorial powers. He was also given permanent tribunal powers that allowed him to veto the senate and dominate the Plebeian Consul. He further increased his control over the senate by appointing his supporters and requiring the senate to grant him several titles.

Additionally, he increased the number of magistrates elected each year, allowing him to place more key players into the senate. He also established the original consulship by resigning as consul and directing the election of two successors. Caesar was assassinated before all of his constitutional reforms could be implemented.

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Caesar instituted some constitutional reforms, which were met with extreme resistance from the senate. Due to the trouble caused by some of the reforms, Caesar did not live long enough to experience what he had set in motion.

Caesar sought to strengthen the central government, which was in shambles and arrest the runaway corruption that came as a result of poor leadership.  In addition, Caesar wanted to stop the chaos in the provinces and centralize the administration. To achieve these reforms, Caesar increased his authority and restricted the authority exercised by other institutions. For instance, he appointed his close associates to the senate. Caesar was also successful in weakening individual magistrates by increasing the number of elected magistrates. The new positions created were also skewed to reward his supporters.

Apart from political reforms, Caesar also improved the social and economic welfare of the Roman people. He established a housing program for the poor and eased the financial burden imposed on the masses through taxation. He also proposed infrastructural projects to facilitate economic growth.

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