What is the reproductive cycle of Texas-Horned Lizards?

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belarafon eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Texas Horned Lizard is a small, non-invasive, spiky-bodied reptile indigenous to North America. It looks more like a frog or toad, but it is neither, instead being related more to the Iguana. The Lizard eats ants and other insects, and while it is a protected species it still falls under "Least Concern" status according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

After hibernation between September-May, the Lizards mate, and the female Lizard carries her eggs during gestation. She picks a nest site, lays the eggs, and buries them in layers of dirt; most egg clutches range from 13 to 45 eggs. Female Texas Horned Lizards rarely stand watch for more than one day. The infant lizards hatch themselves with an egg tooth and then dig their way to freedom, but they are left to develop and mature on their own, making them easy prey for predators. Once mature, the Lizards mate again after hibernation, and the cycle begins again.