What are some advantages and disadvantages of immigration?

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I am not sure if you are referring to the advantage and disadvantage for society of for the individual. For the individual, there are more opportunities. More jobs, religious freedom, better living conditions and social programs are all reasons people immigrate. It is to the advantage of a country to...

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I am not sure if you are referring to the advantage and disadvantage for society of for the individual. For the individual, there are more opportunities. More jobs, religious freedom, better living conditions and social programs are all reasons people immigrate. It is to the advantage of a country to have immigration because people with new skills can integrate in and make the society stronger.
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Another advantage of immigration is that it gives us the opportunity to experience different cultures and learn about other countries from these immigrants. I have noticed in schools that the lessons learned by the "native students" from the immigrant students are often very valuable.

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I especially agree with mswestwood's comments about the down side of illegal immigration. However, sometimes immigrant workers contribute greatly to the local economy. I was born in an area of Central Florida where more fern is grown than anywhere in the world. My father owned a fernery (fern nursery), and he found it difficult to hire workers for the back-breaking work. Fern cutters must squat and bend low to the ground in order to cut the plant just above the roots, and very few laborers were willing to do the work. However, an influx of Mexican workers, willing to work at minimum (or near minimum) wage, has kept the industry booming. Thousands of Mexican workers now live in this area (roughly in a 40 mile stretch between Crescent City and DeLand), and the fern industry has grown appreciably since the 1970s. It is one of the top money-makers in this area, and the mostly-Mexican work force has proven to be industrious and free from the criminal activities that often come with low-income immigration. 

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I agree that two of the major problems with immigration are that the immigrants cultural and national identity are diluted, and much of it is illegal. This means that the illegal immigrants are working for lower wages. However, in many areas, these immigrants are probably working at jobs that legal citizens deem beneath them.

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When the United States was a great industrial nation that was underpopulated, immigrants came from Western and Eastern Europe to work in steel mills, factories, on railroads, etc.  Many earned enough money to buy homes and contribute to the economy after becoming citizens. There was no welfare in the early 1900s, so they placed no drain upon the government. 

Nowadays, there is little that is manufactured in the United States.  So, many of the immigrants who come to work in the U.S. work at lower paying jobs rather than ones that will elevate them economically.  Often these immigrants are not citizens, so they deduct for their dependents, then return to their country without contributing much to the American economy.  Another serious problem with immigration into the U. S. is that much of it is illegal.  Some illegal immigrants are involved in illicit activities, others join terrorist groups; many drain the economy of a state rather than contribute as they reproduce and obtain free health care and food and education.  California today is an example of a state in tremendous debt chiefly because of so many illegal immigrants.

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The major advantage is that the country gets new and usually very motivated workers.  Depending on the country's policies, it can get people who are needed for specific kinds of jobs (Australia and Canada both do this more than the US).  Getting new workers can really help a country expand its economy, especially if it is a country whose natives are aging.

One downside of immigration is that it can dilute a country's cultural identity.  This, for example, is why Japan is very opposed to immigration even though it really needs new workers as its population ages.  "Too much" immigration can make it so that the immigrants' culture changes the native culture more than the natives are willing to have happen.

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There are advantages and disadvantages of immigration. One disadvantage of immigration is that it may cause an oversupply of workers. If many immigrants come to our country, the supply of workers may rise. This may help keep wages low. Immigrants may need a lot of social services. If the immigrants don’t speak English, their kids will need specialized teachers in school to learn English. They may need other specialists to work with them. Immigrants may need assistance in getting food and medical care if they don’t have a job when they arrive in the United States. These are added costs to our social service system.

There are advantages to immigration. Immigration has allowed us to experience new cultures and new ways of living. With immigration, we have been able to experience different traditions and new foods and styles of clothing. We have experienced new forms of music and dance. We have benefited greatly from the skills of many immigrants. Albert Einstein helped us with scientific knowledge. I.M. Pei is a famous architect. Singers like Gloria Estefan and sports figures like Albert Pujols have entertained millions of Americans. Elie Weisel is a famous writer. The concept of kindergarten came from the Germans. With all of these new experiences, contributions, and knowledge that immigrants have provided us, there are many advantages to immigration.

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