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Socrates' trial is presented in one of the early platonic dialogues Euthyphro (380 BC). Socrates was on trial for suppposedly having corrupted the Athenianm youth with his philosophical and viewd traditionally impious views. The prosecution was initiated before the King Archon by a young man named Meletus. Socrates meets Euthphro, a soothsayer, who has come as a prosecutor of his own father, charging him with accidental murder, which is interpreted as impiety. Naturally, Euphryto is curious to know the reason for Socrates' prosecution and the explanation given by Socrates is to the effect that he is accused of corrupting the youth by the primary means of being a poet- who therefore creates new God's from his imagination and then denies the old ones. Those who follow his ideas are thus naturally according to his accuser led astray.Euphryto summarises the charge beautifully when he comments that Socrates must be suspected of being a "neologian" - (new Theologian"). When Socrates understands the reason for Euphryto's presence, he is surprised and iniates a discussion on impiety in the typical Socratic method to point out that Euphryto might be rash and overzealous in his action. The conversation or dialogue, therefore is mainly about the nature of piety (hoison). Socrates manages to confuse Euphryto to an extent where he has not a logical leg left to stand on, while all the time praising him and claiming that he wants to be Euphrtyo's disciple in religion so as to have better matter for his own trial. But Euphryto obviously has not looked into first causes and is so totally unable to answer Socrates' basic questions about the nature of piety and impiety. He is at the end therefore forced to hurry away without giving any relevant answer and Socrates concludes with the mock pathetic comment that now he could not influence the trial by claiming his earlier actionjs to have been the result of ignorance and that after becoming Euphryto's disciple he has become a convert who is willing to toe the official line.
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