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What is social opportunity?

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In social sciences, the term "social opportunity" is generally used to refer to the idea that people have different opportunities based on their social networks and the overall environment in which they live.  So, if I talked about my social opportunities, I would be talking about the ways in which who I know and where I live can affect what opportunities I might have.

So, for example, a social scientist might ask about the way that social opportunities affect education.  They might focus on the whole context of schools and ask whether/how much schools can help kids when everyone they know is uneducated and doesn't value education.

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