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Overpopulation has economic and social impacts on families. When overpopulation occurs, this can lead to a surplus of workers, shortage of housing, and a possible shortage of supplies and materials. These will have a negative impact on families. An oversupply of workers means wages will drop. Families may have less income to spend. A shortage of housing and supplies means prices for these things will rise. This decreased income coupled with increased costs will negatively impact families.
Families may also be impacted socially. Overcrowding could lead to more disease and pollution. It could lead to increased class size in schools since there would likely be more kids. If income levels drop, it could lead to increased poverty. This may cause crime to rise. If both parents are working, kids may be left unsupervised at times. This could cause issues if the kids get into trouble. It may also lead to increased child-care costs if parents are working.
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