The social significance of "The lady with the Pet Dog" relates to isolation and marital failure and infidelity. All three were growingly popular themes among Russian writers of the realist school. This indicated a growing recognition, perhaps even acceptance, of these problems in Russian society.
Tolstoy had earlier created one of the most enduring characters in Literature in Anna Karenina whose story was centered on marital failure and adultery. The social significance of Gurov and Anna is the demonstration that Russian society was changing right along with other European countries as a result of the Enlightenment, developing sciences and philosophies--like Darwinism and Rousseau's philosophical concept of the noble savage--and the earlier upsurge of Romanticism.
Gurov and Anna also indirectly point out the socially significant...
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