Since "situational irony" refers to any incongruity between what the audience reasonably expects and what actually happens, almost everything in "The Lottery" is ironic in this sense. The title suggests a game of chance with a prize—a game people enter voluntarily and a prize they want to win. The idyllic setting, with profusely blooming flowers and richly green grass, in a friendly little village where everyone knows everyone else, gives the story an air of rural tranquility. It is also the children, whom the adults would normally be expected to protect from harm and horror, who take the lead in piling up stones and stuffing their pockets with more, though we have no idea yet how these stones are to be used. The situational irony continues throughout the description and dialogue until the stoning of Mrs. Hutchinson.
It is the suspense in the story and its shocking conclusion that precludes much in the way of dramatic irony, since this occurs when the audience knows something the
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