Situational irony refers to circumstances in which characters find themselves which suggest a specific outcome but that the opposite of such an expectation happens. A good example from Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet would be when Romeo, having the best of intentions, intervenes in the duel between his best friend, Mercutio, and his sworn enemy, Tybalt. In doing so, he provides Tybalt an opportunity to fatally wound Mercutio. The outcome, therefore, is not what was expected. It is, ironically, exactly the opposite.
Dramatic irony occurs where the reader knows something that a character or characters does not. A good example is the play, Othello, by William Shakespeare. The readers are aware throughout of Iago's deceit and manipulation whilst Othello, Iago's victim, is completely unaware and only discovers the truth at the end.
In The Necklace , situational irony occurs through Mathilde's belief that the seeming wealth that she wishes to present will make her happy. She practically blackmails...
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