What is sin angle if tan angle =4/3?angle > 180; angle<270

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embizze's profile pic

embizze | High School Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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Given `tan theta = 4/3` and `180<theta<270` , find `sin theta` :

(1) Since `180<theta<270` we are in the third quadrant.

(2) Draw a right triangle with vertices at A=(0,0),C=(-3,0),B=(-3,-4). Then `theta` is angle CAB.

Note that `tan theta=(opp)/(adj)=(-4)/(-3)=4/3` .

(3) The hypotenuse of this triangle has length 5 from the pythagorean theorem (or recognizing the pythagorean triplet 3-4-5)

(4) Then `sin theta=(opp)/(hyp)=-4/5` which is the answer.

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sciencesolve's profile pic

sciencesolve | Teacher | (Level 3) Educator Emeritus

Posted on

You should use the notation angle=`alpha`  such that:

`tan alpha = 4/3`

Notice that `alpha`  is in the third trigonometric quadrant, hence the sine and cosine values are negative.

You need to use the trigonometric formula:

`1 + tan^2 alpha = 1/(cos^2 alpha)`

`1 + (4/3)^2 = 1/(cos^2 alpha) =gt (9 + 15)/9 = 1/(cos^2 alpha)`

`=gt 25/9 = 1/(cos^2 alpha)=gt (cos^2 alpha) = 9/25`

`cos alpha = +- sqrt(9/25) =gt cos alpha = +- (3/5)`

You need to consider only the negative value such that:

`cos alpha = - 3/5`

You need to remember that tangent function is rational such that:

`tan alpha = sin alpha/cos alpha=gt 4/3 = sin alpha/(-3/5)`

`sin alpha = (4/3)*(-3/5)`  => `sin alpha = -4/5`

Hence, evaluating the value of `sin alpha`  yields: `sin alpha = -4/5.`

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