What are the similes, metaphors and personifications in Chapter 6-10?  Thanks.

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Lorraine Caplan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

A personification in Chapter VI occurs when there is a description of what happens to Mr. M during his first time on the island, describing him as:

...being thrashed by the bending trees and wind-shipped underbrush...(81)

The thrashing is personification because trees do not thrash people, but this is an intentional action that a person might perform. The trees "bending" could be considered a personification for the same reason.

One metaphor in Chapter VI can be found when Mr. F begins to relate the history of the families on Krakatoa and says:

Upon seening the mines, we all became rather piggish (84).

To describe people as piggish is a metaphor because people are not pigs, but when they are being greedy, since we perceive pigs to have the quality of greediness, this gives the reader a picture of a particular characteristic to describe the people when they first discover the diamonds.

In Chapter VII, there is a wonderful simile, describing the dining room in Mr. M's house, when the tables begin to rise: 

...[T]hen these disks started to rise slowly like some nightmarish garden of mushroom...(103).


A simile is a comparison that uses the word "like," as opposed to a metaphor, which says something "is" something, not simply "like" something. 

There are plenty of other personifications, metaphors, and similes throughout the book. 

Read the study guide:
The Twenty-One Balloons

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