What are the similarities of the state government and federal government?

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David Morrison eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Most state governments in the United States are like the federal government in miniature. They provide services, raise taxes, and exercise political authority, just like the federal government. Like the US Congress, state legislatures are democratically elected. All but one state—Nebraska—has what's called a bicameral legislature. This means that the legislature consists of two chambers, such as the Senate and the House of Representatives at the federal level.

The role of state governors is also analogous to that of the President of the United States. The governor is the senior political figure in each state and, theoretically speaking, sets the overall legislative agenda. As with the president in relation to Congress, governors must work with the relevant state legislatures if they're to get their programs passed. However, unlike US presidents, governors in a minority of states are not subjected to term limits.

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The state governments have a similar structure to the federal...

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