What similarities or differences do you see between Etruscan and Egyptian burials and funerary practices?

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The Etruscans were a civilization that reigned in Italy before the Roman Empire. Prior to the foundation of Rome in 509 BCE, the Etruscans ruled as a monarchy.

The ancient Egyptians are one of the older agricultural civilizations, starting as a river valley civilization in 3,100 BCE until it was incorporated into the Roman Empire.

Both the Etruscans and Egyptians used burial urns and sarcophagi. Burial urns are used to store cremated remains, and sarcophagi are stone coffins that house the deceased. Egyptian burial urns could be used for either cremated remains or particular organs; these were known as canopic jars and often featured the heads of some of their gods, like Horus or Ra. Etruscan burial urns could also function as holders for cremated remains or organs, but unlike the Egyptian urns, it displayed their human's image as opposed to one of a deity.

The Etruscan sarcophagus, however, is more animated than their Egyptian counterparts. The Etruscan sarcophagus, true to Etruscan art,...

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Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on December 3, 2019
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Last Reviewed by eNotes Editorial on December 3, 2019