What are the similarities and differences between Piggy and Simon in Lord of the Flies?
Both Simon and Piggy are considered proponents of civility and support Ralph. Simon regularly helps and encourages Ralph, while Piggy continually defends Ralph's decisions throughout the novel. Both characters are also considered outcasts among the group of boys. While Simon is portrayed as a strange boy, Piggy is viewed as overweight and annoying. Both boys are ridiculed by the others throughout the novel and suffer from physical ailments. Simon continually faints and hallucinates, while Piggy suffers from asthma attacks. Simon and Piggy also have the best interests of the other boys in mind throughout the novel. They go out their way to make sure the littluns are taken care of and help Ralph complete various tasks that will hopefully result in their rescue.
Despite their many similarities, Simon and Piggy have different personalities and perspectives throughout the novel. Simon is a rather shy boy who feels uncomfortable addressing the group during assemblies. In contrast, Piggy is outspoken and not afraid to voice his opinion. Simon also has an in-depth understanding of the true nature of the beast, while Piggy is a pragmatic realist who fails to realize that the beast is the inherent wickedness of each boy.
This is a good question, which can be answered in a few different ways. Simon is unique in the book. He is the one character who is consistently good. He is the "religious" one among the boys.There is a sense of innate goodness to him. In fact, he is the only one that is not influenced by social conditioning to do the right thing. He does good things, simply as part of his nature. The fact that he is the only one like this suggests that this type of morality is very rare indeed. From a symbolic level, in chapter 9 he dies as a sacrifice.
When it comes to Piggy, he is the intellectual, who stands by Ralph the leader. He is innovative and filled with great ideas, but the reader does not get the sense that he is like Simon in his nature. If anything he is the more rationalistic side of humanity, which can be cold and utilitarian. Moreover, he is completely ineffectual without Ralph. For these reasons, he is different than Simon. The chief similarity is that they both die.