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What are the similarities and differences between Pavlov and Skinner?

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Pavlov and Skinner were two psychologists who pioneered the ideas of conditioning, contributing greatly to behavior theory and helping to develop new ideas and techniques for training and changing behavior. Both of them were deeply involved with the idea that behaviors were conditioned and therefore learned—and thus could be changed.

Pavlov, famous for his experiment with feeding dogs while ringing a bell to train them to salivate at the sound of said bell, believed in what he called "classical conditioning." He trained behaviors based on external events. He placed an instigation signal and stimulus to train unconscious behaviors in the dogs. He believed that a stimulus would create a reflexive response, and that response could be adapted.

Skinner, on the other hand, dealt with conscious behaviors and decisive actions of individuals. Experimenting primarily with rats, he rewarded and punished certain behaviors, training them to do specific things such as pulling levers. His belief was...

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