The Iliad and The Epic of Gilgamesh both belong to a conversation on ancient literature and, to varying degrees, to a conversation on myth narratives. Yet one is more fully "mythological" than the other.
On our way to discussing these tales in the light of mythology, we can connect and contrast these works in a variety of ways. First, one of the most notable connections is the similar social function that these works may have played for their respective audiences.
In some ways, these are both works about national origins. The Iliad tells the tale of how a host of disparate armies came together to fight under one banner (more or less), the banner of the king, Agamemnon. A league of armies was formed and, from there, history tells the tale of the rise of Greece. This is the story of what it means to be Greek. It is also a story that defines what it means to be heroic as the narrative offers numerous examples of heroic figures from Achilles and Hector, to Odysseus and Patroclus.
The Epic of...
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