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What are the similarities and differences between Georgia’s government and the federal government?

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The state of Georgia is able to create and enforce laws, as long as they do not violate federal law, that oversee the governing of the state. These laws can pertain to education, policing, labor, trade, taxation, transportation, etc. According to the 10th amendment of the constitution, all powers not given to the federal government are reserved for the state and "the people". The federal government can similarly create and enforce these kinds of laws, but the laws are applied across the nation.

Federal laws apply to everyone in the country, while Georgia law only applies to those are currently in or reside within Georgia. For example, Georgia state legislature sets speed limits throughout Georgia. These speed limits only affect those who are actually traveling through Georgia. However, there are also federal laws that regulate transportation that affect everyone nationwide. For example, the amount of time that commercial truckers must rest each day while hauling is dictated by federal...

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