What are the similarities and differences between the ethics of Aristotle, Kant, and Levinas?

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Kant and Aristotle are quite different in their ethical systems, although both are approachable to the non-philosopher, or average person. I will get to Levinas later, as his philosophical system is not as easy to comprehend. Beginning with the more "modern" philosopher, Kant has a concept of morality described in Foundations of the Metaphysics of Morals. In this treatise, Kant explains that individual morality should rest upon making every decision by considering that what one does would become a universal law. Wondering if you should speed on what looks like an empty street? Kant would say you should not because if everyone sped, what would the consequences be? We would live in a more dangerous world. Kant's morality is somewhat similar to the kinds of laws we make to reduce the possibility that individual action can affect the group.

Aristotle had a much more free-flowing approach to life, in line with basic ancient Greek philosophy that said the three most important attributes are...

(The entire section contains 2 answers and 596 words.)

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