What are the similarities and differences of the Egyptian pantheon and Norse pantheon? Using at three gods/goddesses.

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While the gods of both Egyptian and Norse mythology are superior to humans, they are not immortal, all-knowing, or invulnerable. Osiris, arguably Egypt's greatest god, fails to foresee the trap laid by his brother Seth, who kills him and usurps his power. Isis fails to bring Osiris back to life. Similarly, in Norse mythology, Thor, Loki, Odin, and other gods are killed at Ragnarok.

In both cultures, the gods are often driven by petty vices. In both cases, they feud and fight each other. While they are certainly extraordinary and powerful, they have their limitations, and some scholars have even called the divinity of Norse gods into question. Did they simply trick people into believing they were gods? In the case of the Egyptian pantheon, some scholars believe that at least some of the gods were based on ancient historical figures.

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I'll describe 3 deities from each religion and let you decide what is similar and different about each.

Both cultures have a supreme being. For the Egyptians, it is Amun, or Amun-Ra, which means "the hidden one." Odin, the chief Norse god, was the god of war and death. He was called Alfadir ("Allfather") because he fathered the gods. 

Both cultures believed in an afterlife. For the Egyptians, death was rebirth into a new life. Bodies were carefully prepared and buried with things they would need in this new life. The god of the dead, Anubis, would lead the spirit to a final judgment, where the person's heart was weighed against the feather of truth. If the heart was lighter, having few "sins," then the person would be granted entrance into the afterlife. In Norse mythology, the dead inhabit 3 realms: Valhalla, where warriors who died in battle dwell; Hel, where ordinary people will go; and Nifhel, a place of punishment for evil people. Odin, Freya, and Hel rule in this afterlife.

For the Egyptians, eternal life is paramount. Rebirth and continuity are symbolized by the death and rebirth of Osiris. The setting of the sun signifies his death, and its rising the next day represents his rebirth. The Norse believed that an end of all things would come and called it Ragnarok. Meaning "the destiny of the gods," Ragnarok would be a great battle in which many of the gods would die.

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