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Compare and contrast Athenian democracy and modern democracy.  

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Erin DuBuque eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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This is a complex question, but we'll take it step by step. First let's look at a definition of democracy. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, democracy is:

government by the people, especially rule by the majority; a government in which the supreme power is invested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections.

By this definition, in a true or pure democracy, everyone living in a country, or at least every citizen, would have a voice in the country's governance. In practice, this is hardly ever true.

Next let's look at the Athenian form of democracy. The word "democracy" comes from the Greek words demos, which means "people," and kratos, which means "rule." In other words, rule by the people. Athens is credited as having one of the world's first democracies.

However, its rule certainly did not include all the people, and not even a majority. Of the 100,000 citizens (that is, those...

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