What are the similarities between the Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights?Also, is a piece of paper considered to be a 2D object or 3D object?

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jameadows eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Magna Carta, written in 1215 (and later revised several times) by rebel barons who pressed their demands on King John, leader of England, sets limits on the power of the monarch. Many of the provisions in the document were intended only for the elite. However, the document grants the accused rights in a criminal trial that later became the the English Petition of Right (passed in 1628) and the Habeas Corpus Act (passed in 1679). These important rights came from Clause 39 of the Magna Carta, which reads, "no free man shall be…imprisoned or disseised [dispossessed]… except by the lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land" and from clause 40, which reads, "To no one will we sell, to no one will we deny or delay right or justice."These rights of defendants in criminal trials became part of the Bill of Rights, particularly the 5th Amendment's protection of due process rights, which reads, "Nor shall any persons be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law."

In fact, 9 out the 26 rights in the Bill of Rights can be traced back to the Magna Carta. However, the Magna Carta does not provide for the abolition of the monarchy, as does the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Paper is 3-D, as it has length, width, and an infinitesimal height. 

mkoren eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are some similarities between the Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights. The Magna Carta was issued in 1215. King John’s barons were upset by his actions because he was acting like a tyrant. They presented him with a list of demands, which, if he agreed to, would limit his power. If he did not agree to these demands, a civil war would have occurred. Thus, the King limited his power and that of future monarchs when he signed the document.

The Bill of Rights was added to our Constitution in 1791. The Bill of Rights is the first ten amendments to our Constitution. The Bill of Rights guaranteed our citizens certain rights. These rights included the right to freedom of speech and religion, the right to bear arms, the right to be free from having to house soldiers in their homes, the right to be free from unreasonable searches, and others. The Bill of Rights limited the power of our government. Thus, both documents limited what the government could do.

Paper is a 3-D object.

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The major similarity between the two documents is that both of them are limits on the power of the government.  A secondary similarity is that they are both written contracts of sorts that spell out what governments can and cannot do.

The idea that a government can be limited was a novel one in the 1200s.  The theory of monarchy was that every ruler had unlimited power subject only to whoever was above him (and the king was subject only to God).  But this document said that there were earthly rules kings had to follow.

The Bill of Rights does this as well -- it sets limits on what a government may do.

A piece of paper is 3-D.

krishna-agrawala | Student

The main question and the supplementary question are two very different questions from two very different fields. I will answer here the supplementary question. That is:

Is a piece of paper considered to be a 2D object or 3D object?

Strictly speaking a paper is a three dimensional (3D) object, as it has length, with and thickness. However, for most practical purposes, the thickness of paper being very small as compared to its length and width, paper is considered to be a two dimensional (2D) object. Further when we consider paper as as something to write or print on, we are only interested in the two side or surface of the paper, and these surfaces have no thickness. This is another reason why a paper is considered to be a 2D object.

Without going into details of the first question, that is, similarities between Magna Carta and bill of rights, I will say that the tow are about as similar as a freshly laid egg and the chicken that comes out of this egg. Magna Carta represents one of the earliest form of legislation that placed some checks on absolute rights of the King, that over a period of centuries developed into various legislation such as Bill of Rights, intended to define and protect individual rights and freedom.