The Glorious Revolution was led by English Parliamentarians with an objective to overthrow King James II and replace him with William of Orange, a protestant. The birth of the king’s son signified a possible reestablishment of Catholicism in England which meant reestablishment of absolute authority in the monarchy and the clergy.
The American Revolution sought to reject Britain’s authority over America and the Founding Fathers were forced to declare independence and establish the United States. British authority was becoming increasingly oppressive towards the colonists, forcing them to rebel against the British administration.
The French Revolution sought to establish a republic by overthrowing the monarchy and limiting the authority of the clergy. The French administration oppressed the populace by implementing a strenuous tax regime upon them. Popular resentment grew after the clergy and the aristocracy were shielded from the harsh tax conditions using proceeds from the masses.
The Chinese Revolution, also known as the Xinhai Revolution, sought to overthrow the last Qing dynasty to establish the Republic of China. The minority Manchu rulers were oppressive towards the Han majority.
The similarities among these revolutions can be summarized as follows:
- They all were a result of the minority’s oppression of the majority.
- They all sought to establish republics by either overthrowing the monarchy or severing ties with the same.
- The revolutions all began with dissenting voices but degenerated into violent conflicts.
- They all sought to implement reforms towards strengthening the rights of the people.