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System of class is a system that classifies a society in different groups that have nearly the same standing in the society. Such groupings can be on the basis of may different factors such as wealth, power, prestige, ancestry or birth, religion, and occupation. Every society has some system of social classes based on one or more of such factors.
Caste system is a particular type of class system in which the social grouping is done on the basis of birth. The cast system generally refers to such system that exists in Indian subcontinent. It is worthwhile noting that the caste system in India was originally a system of prescribing codes of conduct of people to suit the requirements of their occupation. But as the occupation of people became hereditary the cast system focus changed from occupation to birth and heredity.
In general class system permits some flexibility to individuals to move from one class to another. However such flexibility is not available in any class system based on ancestry or birth. Thus cast system also does not permit any mobility to individuals to move from one class to another.
Generally a class system involves ranking of different groups in minds of people as superior and inferior. The caste system also involves such ranking of different castes. The class system can be informal or formal. The caste system of India is quite formal and well defined.
A class system is mostly based on a person's wealth . Such as if you are in the wealthy class or the middle class . The caste system itself is actually quite similar to it . For example , the caste system is how society views just like how the class system is based on how society views you . The main differences though in the caste system is that you are born into your class and you are unable to get out of it . You have to do the work that your caste system requires , and society definitely treats you differently based on your ranks . Such as if you are in the untouchables then people definitely do not want to go near you .
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