What is similar about transcription and translation in protein synthesis? During protein synthesis, two processes take place. These processes are called transcription and translation. What similarities do they have?

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Well, transcription and translation are both processes that are used to synthesize very specific proteins within a cell.  So they are both involved in the production of the same end product.  Transcription is the use of messenger RNA (ribonucleic acids) to read the existing DNA (deoxyribonucleic acids) as a template, in order to assemble amino acids together to construct the protein.  Translation would be the actual building process of assembling the amino acid codons in the correct order to build and construct the new protein.

This is similar to building a new home.  The architect is in charge of coming up with a set of plans, that have very specific measurements and requirements written out on them, usually in the form of a blueprint.  That would represent the transcription process.  Then, there is a builder, an actual construction person with a crew, who reads the blueprint, interprets the information contained therein, and actually assembles and builds the home.  That would be the translation process.

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