What significant changes occurred with the rise of the bourgeoisie class? Why don’t workers simply rise up and ask for better wages, working conditions, and other benefits? Why didn’t they start the revolution Marx dreamed about? Has capitalism changed since Marx called for the revolution, for good or bad?

For Marx and Engels, the rise of the bourgeoisie connects to new financial markets and the expansion of the Western economy. Marx and Engels thought the bourgeoisie's own rapid exploitation would destroy them. The felled bourgeoisie would then align themselves with the working class. Together, they would rise to power and use their control to dismantle class distinctions.

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

For Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, the rise of the bourgeoisie is linked to an expansion of Western economics. As the markets for the West grew bigger, the West needed more people to take advantage of the financial possibilities. That’s where the bourgeoisie enters. As Marx and Engels write:

The bourgeoisie has through its exploitation of the world market given a cosmopolitan character to production and consumption in every country.

While such rapacious exploitation supplies the bourgeoisie their privilege and power, it is also, according to Marx and Engels, what will lead to their downfall. Their rapid pace of production and exploitation will eventually lead to destruction, including the destruction of their own class. Once the bourgeoisie collapses, they will join the working class, take power, and use their power to bring an end to class distinctions.

Concerning your...

(The entire section contains 436 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now

Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime.

Start your 48-Hour Free Trial
Last Updated by eNotes Editorial on