"Other Voices, Other Rooms" is significant for several reasons. First, it is a major stepping stone in Capote's career; it is the first novel he published. Second, it is a representation of the Southern Gothic style, and so shows how a specific school or tradition might evolve over time. Third, Capote became a major literary figure, and so with this being somewhat autobiographical, readers get a glimpse of his past. Fourth, on a non-literary note, the picture of the author that appeared on the book drew a lot of attention.