The significance of the chapter title "Painted Faces and Long Hair" revolves around the symbolism that is developed in the chapter. At this point in the story, the hunters have decided to use natural resources to paint their faces like warriors. They smear "paint" on their faces to imitate their imagined view of adult hunters from earlier times. Figuratively speaking, the boys are at a point when they cover their faces to mask their identities to take on the identities of more evil, sinister characters that are evolving from within their persons. The painted faces and long hair may symbolically suggest the more "primitive" aspect of human nature that Golding wishes to explore in the novel.