What is the significance of the 'theory of oneness' in Wordsworth's "Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey"?

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Michael Otis | High School Teacher | (Level 3) Assistant Educator

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William Wordsworth's watershed lyric poem, "Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey", published in 1798 at the beginning of what has become known as the Romantic era, expresses the poet's vision of the unity of the human psyche with the mind/spirit of the cosmos. In 'Tintern Abbey' Wordsworth transcends the traditional belief in a God who exists outside the world with a quasi-pantheism where the divine inheres in nature to such a degree that it can be worshipped. 'Tintern Abbey' is Wordsworth's plea for a radical transformation of religion, his plea for 'oneness' of matter and spirit, of God and nature, of 

                                  a sense sublime
Of something far more deeply interfused,
Whose dwelling is the light of setting suns,
And the round ocean and the living air,
And the blue sky, and in the mind of man;
A motion and a spirit, that impels                                               All thinking things, all objects of all thought,                              And rolls through all things