What is the significance of pregnant Beloved's disappearance as Sethe is enveloped by the praying women in Beloved?
What a great question! Ironically, there isn't a clear answer that doesn't involve opinion. However, with that being said, I will be happy to share my own opinion on the subject! The significance of pregnant Beloved 's disappearance is that Beloved truly was a supernatural entity sent to wreak havoc on Sethe...
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The plot of Beloved focuses on Sethe's pain and grief, caused by her memories of killing her infant daughter to save her from a life of slavery. Thematically, Sethe's grief is intended to symbolize the larger pain and grief of enslaved and newly-freed black men and women in the U.S., who are haunted by the traumatic collective memories of the middle passage and plantation slavery. The character of Beloved therefore acts as an embodiment of the memories "haunting" both Sethe and the larger black community, continually inflicting pain and grief on them and refusing to leave.
The praying and laying-on of hands in the novel, led by Baby Suggs, represent the healing that can take place within the community through the mutual acceptance and love that the formerly enslaved people must show each other. Beloved's departure during the prayer session indicates that Sethe can learn to forgive herself, and that the painful memories of slavery in the U.S. can begin to heal, but only as the formerly enslaved people accept their freedom to love themselves and care for each other.