What's the significance of Piggy's glasses?

Piggy's glasses represent civility, order, and rationality. The boys use them to start fires, and fire is a key aspect of cultivating their own society when they first arrive on the island. Conversely, when Piggy's glasses are shattered, this represents the loss of the last vestiges of civility and order—all hell breaks loose. Without the glasses, the boys are metaphorically "blind" to anything beyond violence and anarchy.

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Piggy 's glasses represent scientific knowledge.  It can be used to aid humanity or to destroy it. The fact that the glasses can be used to kindle a fire is a positive attribute; however, that same fire may turn into a destructive force when misused. Certainly, this has relevance in...

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Piggy's glasses represent scientific knowledge.  It can be used to aid humanity or to destroy it. The fact that the glasses can be used to kindle a fire is a positive attribute; however, that same fire may turn into a destructive force when misused. Certainly, this has relevance in a world that has access to atomic energy, cloning and genetic engineering.

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Piggy's glasses also signify Piggy's ability to "see"--both literally and figuratively.  Without them, he is helples and blind.  He is unable to serve as well as Ralph's right-hand man and voice of logic.  As Piggy is "blinded" is symbolizes the blindness of the Jack's tribe to the evil to which they are succumbing.  Piggy's murder completes the blindness and forces them into total darkness which leads to the hunting of Ralph.

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Piggy's glasses are significant to the boys as they are the means with which the boys are able to get a fire started.  Symbolically, the glasses are significant because they represent the intellectual and ordered side of humanity.  The breaking of the glasses represents the breaking of the last tie to humanity that the boys have.  After this event, it is a downward spiral into primal and animalistic behavior, culminating in Piggy's death.

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