Boudicca was a British woman from a noble family in the Iceni tribe in southeastern England. She led a revolt against Roman rule in 60 AD (or CE, as it is often called today). She is significant for the results of her rebellion and, to some degree, as a national symbol in England.
England was first invaded by Rome about 100 years before Boudicca’s rebellion, in the time of Julius Caesar. However, this invasion was not really successful. It was not until 43 AD that the Romans truly took control of the England (and even then, of course, they did not have control over all of it right away). By 60 AD, the Romans were still trying to consolidate their authority. In that year, they tried to take Boudicca’s kingdom when her father died and left it to her and her sister. In doing so, they stripped and beat Boudicca and raped her daughters. This led to the rebellion.
The rebellion almost succeeded, but in the end it actually strengthened Roman rule. It led Britons to believe that they were not going to be able to get rid of the Romans. It also led the Romans to take the Britons more seriously and to do things like trying to respect their religion. This led to relative peace on the island. Later in history, Boudicca became a symbol of what the English see as their national character and indomitability.