- Acts as a foil to other characters. (eg. begining of act ll, Arkadina- Masha conversation)
- Helps in off-stage technique. (eg. reports Trepliov's first suicide attempt)
- Helps to build up the structure, comedy. (characters themselves falls to destruction)
- Thematically serves the play;
- Meaninglessness, Dissatisfaction of life.
- Unrequitted love.
- Decadence of Russian Aristocracy.