What is the significance of Jane choosing Elliott as her last name alias in Jane Eyre?

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There is nothing in the novel to suggest that the name has any significance beyond mere convenience. At the time, Jane explains her use of the alias by saying, "Anxious as ever to avoid discovery, I had before resolved to assume an alias," and in fact the name only appears four times in the novel. But Jane assumes the alias to mark a difference between her life with Rochester and whatever is to come. "Elliott" is an ordinary name, and her life with the Rivers siblings is an ordinary life, compared to the drama of life at Thornfield. In a sense, then, Jane Elliott is a different person than Jane Eyre; "Eyre" is an uncommon name, and "Jane Eyre" is (according to Rochester) a kind of magical creature, a "sorceress" or an "elf." It is significant that it is Jane Eyre, not Jane Elliott, who inherits the money. Jane Elliott might have gone off to India with St. John, but Jane Eyre finds it impossible.

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This is a difficult question, but Jane's alias could be an homage to Mary Ann Evans, known more commonly by her pseudonym, George Eliot. Eliot was a contemporary of Bronte, and the two authors (along with Emily Bronte) stand as the greatest female authors of the Victorian Age.

All three women used male pseudonyms to validate their writings, because the novels would most likely have been dismissed out of hand as the work of women. Eliot's most famous novels are Middlemarch and Silas Marner.

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