What is the significance or importance of the Atlantic Circuit?

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The term "Atlantic circuit" refers to the patterns of trade and exchange that are more commonly known as the "triangular trade."  In short, European nations traded weapons and other manufactured goods to African nations, which supplied labor for New World plantations in the form of slaves. The colonies in the New World produced cash crops and raw materials. While this model understates the complexity of interactions between societies in the Atlantic Basin (it does not, for instance, take the Indian slave trade in North America into account) it does broadly illustrate the flow of goods, money, and individuals between European nations and colonies from the fifteenth to the nineteenth century.