William Carlos Williams

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What is the significance of "defamiliarization" in William Carlos William's poetry, and how he has used this technique?

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Defamiliarization is the poetic process of taking ordinary objects and using them in a poem in such a way that the reader sees them as new or different. Williams often used common things in his poems, but in his poetry they become unusual, or have a greater significance than they otherwise might.

Take, for example, "This Is Just To Say":

I have eaten
the plums
that were in
the icebox

and which
you were probably
saving
for breakfast

Forgive me
they were delicious
so sweet
and so cold

The content of the poem is a simple note apologizing for eating someone else's plums, but the method of its presentation foregrounds the note and makes it seem more important than you might ordinarily think. Here this is...

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