What is the significance of Catherine's pronuncement "I am Heathcliff!"?

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In the novel 'Wuthering Heights ' by Emily Bronte, Catherine and Heathcliffe's bond is os close,even as children, that they sometimes feel like one person. As believers in the Christian faith the Bronte  girls would have been familiar with the idea that during the sacrament of marriage two people...

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In the novel 'Wuthering Heights' by Emily Bronte, Catherine and Heathcliffe's bond is os close,even as children, that they sometimes feel like one person. As believers in the Christian faith the Bronte  girls would have been familiar with the idea that during the sacrament of marriage two people become 'one in Christ' forming a new unit which may lead one day to a new family. Emily of course did not wholeheartedly subscribe to this view! However, the idea is still significant  because it illustrates her (and Catherine's) metaphysical side. It represents the archetypal passion to be whole with the one we love, it symbolises eternity as you never have to worry about being apart - you are one entity. In return, 'the other half' gives their whole self back - unfortunately a tall order for any couple, as is seen in the novel.

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This is the moment in which Catherine realizes that she and Heathcliff are each part of one shared soul.  Since returning from Thrushcross Grange, she has tried to distance herself from Heathcliff.  In her mind, she has placed herself in a better class...a higher position...than him.  She has repeatedly looked down at him with pity and scorn.  Yet when she is faced with the possibility of alienating him for good by marrying Edgar, she realizes that she can never truly escape him.  He is as much a part of her as she is of him.

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