What is the significance of the Byzantine empire to the civilization of Europe 

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The Byzantine Empire was basically the continuation of the Roman Empire under a different cultural, political, religious and geographic setting. The Byzantines largely thought of themselves as the inheritors of the Roman legacy and maintained many of the writings, scientific knowledge and other cultural elements that distinguished the Old/Classical world,...

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The Byzantine Empire was basically the continuation of the Roman Empire under a different cultural, political, religious and geographic setting. The Byzantines largely thought of themselves as the inheritors of the Roman legacy and maintained many of the writings, scientific knowledge and other cultural elements that distinguished the Old/Classical world, and were later inherited by Western Europe during the Renaissance. The Empire also served as a sort of buffer, geographically and politically insulating Western Europe from many outside influences, such as the spread of Islam.

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