Akbar (1542-1605), is one of the most prominent personalities in the history of medieval India. He was the third king in the Mughal Dynasty. He succeeded his father Humayun as king 1n 1556 at young age of 13 and continued to rule till his death. During his reign he expanded his empire, from the original area of just Punjab and Delhi, to cover most of northern and central India and Afghanistan. Akbar identified himself completely with India and was the first Muslim emperor to do so.
Akbar was a great warrior and administrator. In addition he was also a great patron of art. Akbar could not read or write, but he was very wise and skilled at locating wise and capable people, and recruiting them in his service. He also patronized art and literature. The fame of the cultural and material wealth of his court persuaded Queen Elizabeth I of England to send out her ambassador, Sir Thomas Roe.
He used both diplomacy and power to expand his empire. He allowed the powerful and militarily skilful Hindu Rajput princes to keep their kingdoms, provided they accepted him as their overlord, paid tribute, and supplied him with soldiers. But he showed no mercy to rulers who opposed him.
Akbar believed in religious tolerance and organized religious debates in his court. He also tried to establish a new religion called Din-e-Ilahi (Divine Faith), which attempted to represent the essential oneness of all religious beliefs. He was a Muslim but he allowed his wife, a Hindu Rajput princess, to follow her religion. He abolished the taxes that Hindus had to pay when going on pilgrimage and for not doing military service. He also abolished the payments they had to make if they did not do military service. By doing this Akbar won the cooperation of the Hindus rulers as well as people.
Many of Akbar's buildings still survive, including the Red Fort at Agra and the city of Fatehpur Sikri, with its encircling wall 10 kilometers long.
Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar(b.1542 d.1605) was the son of Emperor Humayun and Hamida Banu Begum.He was the first Mughal emperor to be born in India.His accession to the throne was totally unpredictable.But still he firmed his grasp on the Newly-Recovering Mughal Empire with the help of his regent Bairam Khan.After the Second Battle of Panipat in 1542,Akbar became more confidant as a ruler.Later he dismissed Bairam Khan.
Akbar curved out two policies-
Akbar always centralised the power within the Emperor.He called himself-''Zin-i-Ilahi'' or the shadow of Allah. He was an able administrator and also a brave soldier.Apart from this,he was a great patron of literature,art & architecture.As examplified by,the ''nine-gems'' or the navaratnas in his court.Also he built the whole city of Fatehpur Sikri and its' interior exquisite palaces,like,Panch Mahal,Jodha Bai's Palace,etc---that emerge his character as a patron of architecture.
Next,his diplomacy by marrying princesses of various provinces,especially,with the Rajput Princesses of Amber,Udaipur,etc.This not only tied his knot with the Rajputs,but also provided him with their extra-ordinary loyalty and military-men as the situation demanded.
Above all---Akbar's Secularness...
He was not a ''Man of Letters'',but was indeed a great patron of education and educated people.He constrtucted the Ibadat-khana or the Hall of Prayer.Next his introduction of the new religion-Din-i-Ilahi or Divine Monotheism.He was both physically and Mentally PURE,which earned his name's meaning (Akbar:Sacred) in true sense.
His social reforms were also awestrucking.He banned sati and tried to legalise widow-marriage.He also increased the marriage-age for both boys and girls.Apart from that,his strong-will for Girl's education was astonishing too.
Lastly,we can say that Emperor Akbar was the "Real father of this colorful Hindustan" as he was the first to unite the Hindus and the Muslims under the same roof.
We are glad and proud that such an efficient ruler has ruled our motherland....
''Padishah Akbar! Zindabad"
the culture and treditions which we are proud of today about our past and history are made by the mugals and britishers.... dutchs and portugises too....atleast modern time is totally influenced... no one have a right to defend by expressing foolish thoughts... that akbar was intruder or he came here to settle... and made this realm his land to die in.
Akbar was just a intruder who rules India.