What are the side affects of long and short term amphetamine use?

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rrteacher eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Amphetamines are strong stimulants, and as such, their effects are to speed up the heart rate, raise blood pressure, and to raise alertness levels, among other characteristics. In the short term, abuse of amphetamines can lead to heart attacks and strokes depending on the strength and amount of the drug used. Amphetamines tend to be very addictive, and long term use can lead to extreme weight loss, insomnia, high blood pressure, hallucinations and paranoia, and serious heart conditions. Even medical doses can lead to addiction, though millions of people take them for conditions such as narcolepsy or attention deficit disorder. 

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