The narrator (Orwell?) begins "Shooting an Elephant" by showing how much prejudice can be found in British Burma.
In Moulmein, in lower Burma, I was hated by large numbers of people – the only time in my life that I have been important enough for this to happen to me.
Ironically, Orwell doesn't blame the Burmese a bit for exhibiting such hatred toward the English.
The story really starts when an elephant shows up and "ravages the bazaarr." The narrator takes his hunting rifle and heads toward the commotion. The narrator approaches the spot and continues to ask the people, but they all seem to give him vague answers as to where the elephant is lurking. Suddenly, an old lady is seen brushing some children away because she is trying to prevent them from seeing a dead man (killed by the elephant on a rampage).
Even though the elephant has now killed a human, the narrator still hopes he doesn't have to do away with the animal; however, he still acquires a special elephant rifle for the occasion.
When the narrator finally comes upon the elephant. The elephant is completely calm and grazing in a field. Now the community is watching the narrator and he knows they will demand the death of the elephant. The narrator has now become the exact person he has always despised, doing something only because he is "required" to do so. The narrator says:
When the white man turns tyrant, it is his own freedom that he destroys
The narrator shoots and shoots and shoots again. The elephant falls. Because it is still not dead, the narrator gets close to it and shoots it in the heart. The elephant is finally dead and the narrator is so upset that he has to leave the scene. The narrator eventually finds out that the elephant's owner was killed which put the narrator (ironically) "in the right" for doing the deed.