What short story fiction has the Number 42 in it several times and what is the significance?
I'm pretty sure that what you're referring to is the short, funny, irreverent novel by Douglas Adams called "The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy." The number was chosen by Adams to signify nothing and everything. It is the ultimate answer to the equation that explains everything, and it is the punch line of the joke of jokes. If you take the number of all the stars in the universe and divide that number by the number of galaxies, you get 42. Sure you do; try it. 42 is specific and absurd. Read the book; you'll see. Or you won't.