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The Korean War began in 1950. Korea had been split into North Korea and South Korea two years earlier. In North Korea, there was a communist government. In South Korea, there was a democratic government. Each wanted to unify Korea under its own form of government.
North Korea invaded South Korea on June 25th, 1950 in order to unify Korea by force. South Korea was caught off guard and North Korean troops took over the capital, Seoul, and almost took over the whole country. The only area left from communist rule was a little area around Pusan. The UN forces in Korea attacked Inchon, a city near Seoul, in September of 1950. This caught North Korea off guard. The UN was able to take back Seoul and push North Koreans back into North Korea.
The UN decided to continue to fight, and invaded North Korea in October of 1950. North Korea was almost lost entirely to South Korean and UN forces, but the Chinese came into the picture. China had hundreds of thousands of troops, and helped North Korea to force South Korean and UN Forces back into South Korea. They crossed the border again as well.
Seoul was lost for a second time to the communists in January of 1951. After much planning, UN forces regained Seoul in March.
UN Forces pushed North Koreans back about 20 miles above the border. The United States wished for peace talks to begin.
Peace talks went on without anything happening for the next two years. Battles were still fought in the same area's around the border. Finally, on July 27th, 1953, the papers were signed and an agreement was made.
Nobody really won the war, and nothing really changed. There are still disputes between North Korea and South Korea even today.
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