What is Shakespeare's intent of Gloucester's statement: "The King is in high rage?" 

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The King is infuriated at the scheming of his daughters and their husbands. They have placed Kent in stocks and insulted him immeasurably by taking away most of his knights and retainers. After a long, intensely emotional exchange in which he calls his daughters a pair of "hags," he storms out with the Fool and Kent, despite the fact that a violent storm is beginning to commence outside. Gloucester follows them for a moment and returns to say that the "King is in high rage," meaning basically that he is very angry, to the point of madness. This statement foreshadows the scene in which the King rages against the storm on the heath.