What are the Seven Wonders of the ancient world?

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linda-allen eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Wouldn't it be wonderful if we could visit each one? Sadly, only one still stands:

The Great Pyramid at Giza--built by Pharaoh Khufu around 2650 BCE; it is the largest of the three pyramids on the Giza plateau outside Cairo, Egypt

The Colossus of Rhodes--a huge statue that stood at the entrance of the harbor at Rhodes, in Greece; it was destroye by an earthquake around 226 BCE; in 654 CE, the Arabs disassembled what remained and sold it for scrap

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon--said to have been created by King Nebuchadnezzar to please his wife, who was homesick for Media

The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus--a magnificent temple with bronze statues sculpted by the greatest artists of the time; it is said that Alexander the Great was born the night the temple was destroyed by fire

The Statue of Zeus at Olympia--sculpted by Pheidias, one of the foremost artists of the time and who contributed statues to the Temple of Artemis. The Statue of Zeus is said to have been so large that people could not see much more than Zeus's throne

The Lighthouse at Alexandria--located on the island of Pharos, which is now a part of the city of Alexandria; with the exception of the Great Pyramid, the lighthouse was the last of the wonders to remain standing; it was destroyed by earthquakes in 1303 and 1323 CE

The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus--built for Maussollus by his wife, Artemisia; it was located in modern-day Turkey

pohnpei397 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were chosen by some unknown person of the Hellenistic world.  This was done some time around the third century BC.  The Seven Wonders did not all exist for very long.  In fact, there was only a period of about 60 years when all seven were in existence.  The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World were:

  • The Great Pyramid of Giza.  This is one of the famous pyramids of Egypt.  It was created in the 2500s BC and is the only ancient wonder that is still in existence today.
  • The Hanging Gardens of Babylon.  This was in Babylon, which is now in Iraq.  It was created in the 600s BC and destroyed early in the Common Era.
  • The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus.  This was in Turkey. It was built around 550 BC, destroyed about 200 years later, rebuilt, and destroyed again in 262 AD.
  • The Statue of Zeus at Olympus.  This was in Greece.  It was erected in the 400s BC and destroyed sometime in the 5th or 6th centuries AD.
  • The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus.  This was also in Turkey.  It was built around 350 BC and survived until the late 1400s AD.
  • The Colossus of Rhodes.  This was in Greece.  It lasted the least time of any of the ancient wonders.  It was finished in 280 BC and destroyed in 226 BC.
  • The Lighthouse of Alexandria.  This was in Egypt.  It was built around 280 BC and destroyed in the early 1300s AD.
revolution | Student

The Seven Wonders of the ancient world, sadly to say have all been destroyed by nature, but only one still stands strong and tall. Here are the seven Ancient Wonders:

  1. Great Pyramid of Giza- it was constructed by the forth Egyptian dynasty pharaoh, Khufu around 2584 B.C, and was said to be the tallest man-made structure for 3000 years ( that's huge), and it is the only one that still stands today.
  2. Hanging Gardens of Babylon- it was build by Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife, Amytis of Media, to please his homesick wife, who wanted the fragrance of the trees and plants in his homeland, Persia. It was destroyed after a series of earthquakes  after the 2nd century BC.
  3. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia- made by the Greek sculptor Phidias, around 432 BC. It was said if Zeus would have stood up at that place, he would have literally uprooted the place. It was destroyed by a huge fire.
  4. Temple of Artemis- constructed at 550 BC, dedicated to the Greek goddess Artemis, and took about 120 years to build. It was destroyed by Herostratus to get everlasting fame and was later rebuilt by Alexander the Great, only to be destroyed by the Goths. It was reconstructed from scratch, and was finally destroyed, led by a mob by St. John Chrysostrom in 401 BC.
  5. Mausoleum at Halicarnassus- built for Maussollus, a satrap in the Persian Empire by his wife, Artemisia around 351 BC. It was damaged by an earthquake and was later destroyed by the European Crusaders at AD 1494.
  6. Colossus of Rhodes- a giant statue of the Greek God, Helios, god of the son, constructed at 292-280 BC. It was later destroyed by an earthquake.
  7. Lighthouse at Alexandria- built at 280 BC, considered to be the tallest structure on Earth for many years, located on the island of Pharos. The last of the Ancient World, to be destroyed by yet another earthquake, bringing to an end the Ancient Wonders of the World.