The setting of the story is farmland in the rural South around the turn of the century.
Setting is the time and place of the action of the story. Specifically, the story takes place on the Hawkins farm and at a nearby town. It is twilight, and Dave is headed home.
DAVE STRUCK OUT ACROSS the fields, looking homeward through parting light.
He stops at Joe’s store, which has a lantern outside and smells strongly of “coal oil and mackerel fish.” Most of the story takes place on the road on the way home.
During this time period, there were several important historical events taking place. One was the Great Migrations of blacks north, looking for new opportunities. One was the growth of capitalism, including exploitation of workers. Racial unrest was still common.