What is the setting of Schindler's List?
Schindler's List takes place in the 20th century, in Krakow, Poland. The action takes place during World War II. When the book first starts, it's autumn of 1943, and Oskar Schindler is leaving an apartment building in the ancient center of Krakow to head to the home of SS Commandant Amon Goeth near the Paszów labor camp. Here, 20,000 Jews are held on the site of a former Jewish graveyard. The site of the former mortuary for the cemetery is used by Goeth for his stables. Goeth lives in a villa nearby, guarded by Great Danes, and he enjoys sitting out on his balcony in the nice weather. Inside the villa, the Rosner brothers, who are interned in the camp, play music, careful not to give offense because Goeth often executes people without warning. The setting is macabre to say the least.
Most of the action of the book takes place in Krakow, Poland during WWII. This would place it in the 20th Century. There are various flashbacks in the lives of different characters but the majority of the action takes place in the autumn of 1943.
At that point in history, the Germans had invaded Krakow and put the Jewish community there into ghettos. A lot of the action of the novel takes place there as well as in Schindler's enamelware factory also in Krakow.
Later in the novel some of the action takes place in Plaszow a forced labour camp and in the camp which Schindler set up in Brinnlitz, Czechoslovakia. Additionally there is a scene in the most famous concentration camp Auschwitz-Birkenau.