What was the Second Great Awakening in US history?

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pohnpei397 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Distinguished Educator

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The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival that took place in the early United States.   It began in the early 1800s and was called the "Second Great Awakening" because it was seen as similar to the first Great Awakening from about 70 years before.

The Second Great Awakening is important in US history for two major reasons.  First, it led to the creation and growth of a number of new Christian churches.  Among these was the Mormon church.  Second, it led to a number of reform movements.  People were inspired by the revivals to try to improve their society and therefore they created reform movements such as the movement for temperance and the movement to abolish slavery.

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Yojana_Thapa | Student, Grade 10 | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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The Second Great Awakening in U.S History was a religious revival. It increased public awareness of the moral outrages perpetuated by slavery. It also contributed to the growth of the abolitionist movement. This desire to restore a purer form of Christianity without an elaborate hierarchy contributed to the development of many groups, including the Mormons, Baptists and Shakers. In the newly settled frontier regions, the revival was implemented through camp meetings. 25,000 people would gather for an encampment of several days. They were engaged in spiritual exercises.  Charles G. Finney, an evangelist, famous preacher believed that the Gospel not only saved people, but was also a means to reform society. He was a fervent abolitionist.

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